ex. Game, Music, Video, Photography

Vietnam’s transgender citizens suffer in a grey area

In his teens, Tu Anh could not ignore the truth anymore. He was a girl trapped in a boy’s body.

Ngày đăng: 30 tháng 8, 2022
Cập nhật: 20 tháng 11, 2022
Lượt xem: 408746011
Nguồn: vnexpress

He liked to wear girl’s clothes and apply makeup. He was also attracted to boys. High school became a torture, because he had no close friends, no one in whom he could confide.

He started wearing dresses and applying makeup in secret.

Eventually, he decided to take the plunge and get a sex change operation.

27 years old now, she recalls: "My mother was shocked when she found some dresses and make-up in my wardrobe. She cried her eyes out. It took her a long time to accept my true gender."

Tu Anh is one of an estimated 300,000 transgender people in Vietnam struggling to be accepted by their own families and overcome social prejudices, discrimination and harassment.

Tu Anh as a man (L) and as a woman (R). Photo courtersy by Tu Anh.

A recent study in Hanoi by The Asia and Pacific Transgender Network found that transgender people usually get a strong sense of their true identity between the ages of 12 and 14. The average age at which they come out is 17.

The study also found that during the process of gender identification, many suffer stress, insomnia and anxiety disorders. Not a few think about committing suicide and some actually attempt it, usually around three years after realizing their gender identity.

In Vietnam, there are no regulations that cover hormone therapy and gender reassignment surgeries. Trans people thus find it difficult to access official medical services, and many end up using hormones on their own, putting themselves at great risk.

Some 73 percent buy hormones from friends and non-medical sources, studies have found.

Many transgender people in the country are bullied at school and also suffer sexual abuse. The ostracism they suffer also makes it far more difficult for them to find jobs than cisgender people.

Anh has failed to get a job despite applying for many. She says most recruiters turn down her application as soon as they see her appearance and curriculum vitae.

Tu Anh underwent sex reassignment surgery to become a woman. Photo courtesy of Tu Anh.

It has been four years since the government amended the Civil Code to recognize the gender of people who undergo sex reassignment surgeries, but transgender people are yet to be officially recognized. A law on transgender rights is still pending passage.

Nguyen Huy Quang, who heads the legal affairs department at the Ministry of Health, concedes that trans people face challenges when their current gender is different from the one on their identity card. Seventy one percent of transgender people say it is a struggle to register and be recognized by their new gender.

Nguyen Kim Mai, 24, a trans woman living in northern Hoa Binh Province, says she has faced a myriad of difficulties in getting her identity papers.

"I asked local authorities to change my name and gender. They told me to be patient until the government approved it. I have not succeeded in changing my personal information so far."

Quang says a bill on transgender rights is set to be discussed by the parliament soon. "The law aims to address all legal and administrative issues the transgender community faces."

Legal recognition of their identity and rights is something that people like Anh and Mai have long been waiting for.

"Only when there are transparent regulations can we access medical services and feel secure enough to undergo sex reassignment surgeries," Anh says.

Legal recognition would also be a first step to gaining acceptance from mainstream society and to removing the bias, discrimination and harassment that transgender people face in Vietnam, she adds.

It has been four years since the government amended the Civil Code to recognize the gender of people undergoing sex reassignment surgeries, but transgender people are yet to be officially recognized. The reason is that a law on transgender rights is still pending passage.

Nguyen Huy Quang, head of legal affairs at the Ministry of Health, says trans people face challenges since their current gender is different from the one on their identity card. Seventy one percent of transgenders say they struggle to have their new gender recognized and registered.

Nguyen Kim Mai, 24, a trans woman living in northern Hoa Binh Province, says she faced a myriad of difficulties with identity papers.

"I once asked to change my name and gender. Local authorities told me to be patient until the government approves this. So far I have not succeeded in changing my personal information."

Quang says a bill on transgender rights is set to be discussed in the National Assembly. "The law is expected to address the legal and administrative issues the transgender community faces."

Being recognized by the law and society is something that people like Anh and Mai have always longed for.

"Only when there are transparent regulations can we get access to medical services and feel secure enough to undergo sex reassignment surgery," Anh says.


Từ vựng liên quan

Tin tức liên quan

 German government plans to spend 93.6 bln euros on refugees by end 2020: Spiegel
world 13/05/2021

German government plans to spend 93.6 bln euros on refugees by end 2020: Spiegel

world | 206196021

Germany's government expects to spend around 93.6 billion euros by the end of 2020 on costs related to the refugee crisis, a magazine said on Saturday, citing a draft from the federal finance ministry for negotiations with the country's 16 states.

 Vietnamese netizens livid as civil servant gropes legendary statue
news 22/03/2021

Vietnamese netizens livid as civil servant gropes legendary statue

news | 49036045

The man paid real “lip service” to the statue.

 Malaysian PM criticizes
news 27/03/2021

Malaysian PM criticizes 'big powers' for disregarding international rules

news | 101786055

Malaysian Prime Minister condemned powerful nations for making their own rules as he spoke in Hanoi Tuesday.

  Some in Beijing back to work, Shanghai inches closer to ending Covid lockdown
world 01/06/2022

Some in Beijing back to work, Shanghai inches closer to ending Covid lockdown

world | 389916007

Streets in Beijing were busier on Monday as residents in two districts were allowed to return to work, while Shanghai inched closer towards lifting its two-month old Covid-19 lockdown from Wednesday, as the number of infections across China dropped.

Global markets wrap up: Asia down, dollar buoyant after Fed signals potential near-term hike
business 11/09/2021

Global markets wrap up: Asia down, dollar buoyant after Fed signals potential near-term hike

business | 293716021

Asian stocks slipped but the dollar was buoyant early on Thursday as markets scrambled to factor in a near-term U.S. interest rate hike foreshadowed in minutes of the Federal Reserve's last monetary meeting.

Artist forced to destroy paintings for
life 10/09/2022

Artist forced to destroy paintings for 'unlicensed exhibition'

culture | 411096010

The People's Committee of Ho Chi Minh City decided to fine painter Bui Quang Vien VND25 million ($1,068) and ordered him to destroy 29 paintings for an "unlicensed exhibition."

 Vietnam
business 22/03/2021

Vietnam's economy classed as 'mostly unfree' by global survey

economy | 40996044

The country has been advised to continue reforms, reduce red tape and increase transparency.

 Vietnam quarantines 8 more with suspected coronavirus
news 27/03/2021

Vietnam quarantines 8 more with suspected coronavirus

news | 119466046

Vietnam has quarantined eight more people in Saigon, Hanoi and Binh Thuan Province suspected of contracting the new coronavirus.

 Covid-19 wave derails growth predictions
business 24/07/2021

Covid-19 wave derails growth predictions

economy | 226986038

The fourth Covid-19 wave, stronger than the previous ones combined, has stumped growth expectations and made predictions difficult, experts say.

 Solar power speeds up approaching household sector
business 22/03/2021

Solar power speeds up approaching household sector

business | 48906053

SolarBK is offering integrated and warranted rooftop solar PV systems which can help save households' utility cost with an affordable price for home owners.

Chủ đề liên quan

Link Tài Trợ - Sponsored Links

Công Thức Vật Lý
Loading…